These proposed principles aim to contribute to overseeing human rights in the ongoing societal dialogue about the constitution of “25 January Revolution.” Specifically, they aim to crystallize guarantees of protecting what is referred to in this dialogue as the “secular state” or the “secular nature of the state,” as inspired by the values of the January 25 Revolution.
When the “National Constitution” Party decided on Friday, the 1st of July, to announce this white revolution, it did so to avert two imminent catastrophes. The first is the preparations for a conference to spread secularism amongst citizens, which means a disastrous collision between secularists and Salafis. The second is the announcement by a group of youth that the seventh of July will be a final warning to realize the demands of the revolution, which means a disastrous collision between them and the military council.
In accordance with this, the Grand Shaykh of al-Azhar, Dr. ‘Abd al-Halim Mahmud, the Shaykh of al-Azhar and President of the Academy for Islamic Research assembled a High Committee separate from the membership of the Academy’s Committee for Islamic Constitutional Research. He chose the very best people working in Islamic and constitutional law so that he could delegate this task to them.
On Monday February 7th, 2011 the caretakers of the law at the Law School of Cairo University gathered together, and after analytically and intellectually fruitful discussions of the parameters of constitutional thought, and of what is best for our country in order to find harmony with the onrush and revolution of this nation’s youth—which has received a warm welcome and communal support from the nation’s various factions, and which was presented to the nation following a pure conscience in response to the developments which have struck the entire nation’s sentiment—the results which this panel has arrived at are presented to this great people for the benefit of the nation, at this historical crossroads for our beloved Egypt.